How is pilot training performed?

On this page we will describe in detail how to become a pilot of the PPL level.

The license of the private pilot of PPL (Private Pilot License) gives the right to perform non-commercial flights, according to the Visual Flight Rules. Obtaining this license will allow you to independently perform a flight in the aircraft and travel to anywhere in the world. In other words, a PPL license is the most suitable option if you want to fly simply for personal need and for your pleasure

Requirements for the PPL candidates:
  • Age – from 17 and older;
  • Education – secondary and higher;
  • Health – certificate of medical commission of the 1st or 2nd class in accordance with the requirements of EASA (Part-MED);
  • English – not lower than secondary school level.

    So, your choice is aviation, and the first thing to do on the way to the cherished goal is to pass a medical examination. In Europe, for a private pilot, you need the 2nd class Medical certificate (valid for 5 years) or the 1st class Medical certificate (must be confirmed every year).


    Medical examination involves passing tests, psycho-tests, audiometry, EEG, as well as examination by such doctors as: surgeon, otolaryngologist, ophthalmologist, psychologist, therapist and neurologist. You can learn the places where you can go for a medical examination on the CAA (Civil Aviation Authority) website of the relevant country.

    After passing the medical commission, you can proceed to choosing the flight school for piloting training. The flight training course consists of two parts: theory and practice.

    The course of theoretical training includes the following disciplines: Air Law, Aircraft General Knowledge, Flight Planning and Performance, Human Factors and Constraints, Meteorology, Navigation, Operational Procedures, Aerodynamics and Phraseology. Upon completion of the course of theoretical training, you will need to pass an exam in these disciplines and obtain the appropriate certificate.

    The course of flight practice makes 45 hours, 5 of which can be completed on a simulator (FSTD), including at least:

  • 25 hours of flight with an instructor (dual instruction);

  • 10 hours of independent flight under the supervision of an instructor (solo), of which at least 5 hours – independent flight on the route (solo cross-country);

  • 1 route flight with a total distance of not less than 270 km (150 nautical miles) with full landings at 2 different airfields, excluding the departure aerodrome.

    At the end of the course there will be a check-ride with the examiner: a flight along the route with an emergency and forced landing, taking the aircraft off the stall and so on. After passing the CAA exam successfully, you will receive your coveted private license of a PPL pilot.

    Welcome to the world of private aviation!

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